Josh Donaldson & Bryce Harper


Prior to 1911 there was no award of any kind to recognize individual performance. During two separate time frames, starting in 1911, there were awards given that had similar intentions of today’s MVP award. The first was the Chalmers Award and the other was the League Award.


Chalmers Award

In an effort to drum up publicity for his company Hugh Chalmers of Chalmbers Automotive, in 1910, announced he would give a Model 30 to the player with the highest batting average. The race came down to the last day and involved a discrepancy and Chalmbers would end up giving a car to both Ty Cobb and Nap Lajoe. Instead of continuing to give away cars Chalmers created an award to be given to the “most important and useful player to the club and to the league” as determined by a committee of baseball writers. The award did not have the advertising effect he’d hope for so he discontinued the award after 1914.


League Award

Prior to the 1922 season the American League created an award for the league MVP simply called the League Award. This award had some restrictions. Only one player per team was listed on a ballot from which voters could select and each player was only allowed to win the award one time. The American League award lasted from 1922 until 1928. The National League followed suit two years later in 1924  but did not have the restrictions that the American League award did. The National League handed out its award from 1924-1929.


Baseball Writers Association of America’s Most Valuable Player Award

Better known simply as the MVP. Beginning in 1931 the BBWAA used the same format the the National League used in awarding it’s League Award. According to “Two writers from each MLB city are recommended by the local chapter chairman and approved by the national secretary-treasurer to vote for each award. Writers from NL cities vote for NL awards, and writers from AL cities vote for AL awards, making 30 voters for each award.” Each ballot is submitted with 10 names ranked from 1-10. 14 points is awarded for each 1st place vote with 2nd-10th awarded 9-8-7-6-5-4-3-2-1. The player with the most points after all ballots are tallied is named MVP.

Barry Bonds has won the most times (seven) and has won the most consecutively (four, 2001-2004). Nine players have won the award three times and 19 players have won it twice (see table below). Hank Greenberg, Stan Musial, Alex Rodriguez, and Robin Yount have won an MVP at multiple positions. Frank Robinson is the only player to win the award in both leagues (Cincinnati Reds, 1960 & Baltimore Orioles, 1966). There has been one tie. In 1979, Keith Hernandez and Willie Stargell both received 216 points leading them to be the only Co-MVPs.


Year NL MVP Team AL MVP Team
2015 Bryce Harper Washington Nationals Josh Donaldson Toronto Blue Jays
2014 Clayton Kershaw Los Angeles Dodgers Mike Trout Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim
2013 Andrew McCutchen Pittsburgh Pirates Miguel Cabrera Detroit Tigers
2012 Buster Posey San Francisco Giants Miguel Cabrera Detroit Tigers
2011 Ryan Braun Milwaukee Brewers Justin Verlander Detroit Tigers
2010 Joey Votto Cincinnati Reds Josh Hamilton Texas Rangers
2009 Albert Pujols St. Louis Cardinals Joe Mauer Minnesota Twins
2008 Albert Pujols St. Louis Cardinals Dustin Pedroia Boston Red Sox
2007 Jimmy Rollins Philadelphia Phillies Alex Rodriguez New York Yankees
2006 Ryan Howard Philadelphia Phillies Justin Morneau Minnesota Twins
2005 Albert Pujols St. Louis Cardinals Alex Rodriguez New York Yankees
2004 Barry Bonds San Francisco Giants Vladimir Guerrero Anaheim Angels
2003 Barry Bonds San Francisco Giants Alex Rodriguez Texas Rangers
2002 Barry Bonds San Francisco Giants Miguel Tejada Oakland Athletics
2001 Barry Bonds San Francisco Giants Ichiro Suzuki Seattle Mariners
2000 Jeff Kent San Francisco Giants Jason Giambi Oakland Athletics
1999 Chipper Jones Atlanta Braves Ivan Rodriguez Texas Rangers
1998 Sammy Sosa Chicago Cubs Juan Gonzalez Texas Rangers
1997 Larry Walker Colorado Rockies Ken Griffey, Jr Seattle Mariners
1996 Ken Caminiti San Diego Padres Juan Gonzalez Texas Rangers
1995 Barry Larkin Cincinnati Reds Mo Vaughn Boston Red Sox
1994 Jeff Bagwell Houston Astros Frank Thomas Chicago White Sox
1993 Barry Bonds San Francisco Giants Frank Thomas Chicago White Sox
1992 Barry Bonds Pittsburgh Pirates Dennis Eckersley Oakland Athletics
1991 Terry Pendleton Atlanta Braves Cal Ripken, Jr Baltimore Orioles
1990 Barry Bonds Pittsburgh Pirates Rickey Henderson Oakland Athletics
1989 Kevin Mitchell San Francisco Giants Robin Yount Milwaukee Brewers
1988 Kirk Gibson Los Angeles Dodgers Jose Canseco Oakland Athletics
1987 Andre Dawson Chicago Cubs George Bell Toronto Blue Jays
1986 Mike Schmidt Philadelphia Phillies Roger Clemens Boston Red Sox
1985 Willie McGee St. Louis Cardinals Don Mattingly New York Yankees
1984 Ryne Sandberg Chicago Cubs Willie Hernandez Detroit Tigers
1983 Dale Murphy Atlanta Braves Cal Ripken, Jr Baltimore Orioles
1982 Dale Murphy Atlanta Braves Robin Yount Milwaukee Brewers
1981 Mike Schmidt Philadelphia Phillies Rollie Fingers Milwaukee Brewers
1980 Mike Schmidt Philadelphia Phillies George Brett Kanasas City Royals
1979 Keith Hernandez St. Louis Cardinals Don Baylor California Angels
Willie Stargell Pittsburgh Pirates
1978 Dave Parker Pittsburgh Pirates Jim Rice Boston Red Sox
1977 George Foster Cincinnati Reds Rod Carew Minnesota Twins
1976 Joe Morgan Cincinnati Reds Thurman Munson New York Yankees
1975 Joe Morgan Cincinnati Reds Fred Lynn Boston Red Sox
1974 Steve Garvey Los Angeles Dodgers Jeff Burroughs Texas Rangers
1973 Pete Rose Cincinnati Reds Reggie Jackson Oakland Athletics
1972 Johnny Bench Cincinnati Reds Dick Allen Chicago White Sox
1971 Joe Torre St. Louis Cardinals Vida Blue Oakland Athletics
1970 Johnny Bench Cincinnati Reds Boog Powell Baltimore Orioles
1969 Willie McCovey San Francisco Giants Harmon Killebrew Minnesota Twins
1968 Bob Gibson St. Louis Cardinals Denny McLain Detroit Tigers
1967 Orlando Cepeda St. Louis Cardinals Carl Yastrzemski Boston Red Sox
1966 Roberto Clemente Pittsburgh Pirates Frank Robinson Baltimore Orioles
1965 Willie Mays San Francisco Giants Zoilo Versalles Minnesota Twins
1964 Ken Boyer St. Louis Cardinals Brooks Robinson Baltimore Orioles
1963 Sandy Koufax Los Angeles Dodgers Elston Howard New York Yankees
1962 Maury Wills Los Angeles Dodgers Mickey Mantle New York Yankees
1961 Frank Robinson Cincinnati Reds Roger Maris New York Yankees
1960 Dick Groat Pittsburgh Pirates Roger Maris New York Yankees
1959 Ernie Banks Chicago Cubs Nellie Fox Chicago White Sox
1958 Ernie Banks Chicago Cubs Jackie Jensen Boston Red Sox
1957 Hank Aaron Milwaukee Braves Mickey Mantle New York Yankees
1956 Don Newcombe Brooklyn Dodgers Mickey Mantle New York Yankees
1955 Roy Campanella Brooklyn Dodgers Yogi Berra New York Yankees
1954 Willie Mays New York Giants Yogi Berra New York Yankees
1953 Roy Campanella Brooklyn Dodgers Al Rosen Cleveland Indians
1952 Hank Sauer Chicago Cubs Bobby Shantz Philadelphia Athletics
1951 Roy Campanella Brooklyn Dodgers Yogi Berra New York Yankees
1950 Jim Konstanty Philadelphia Phillies Phil Rizzuto New York Yankees
1949 Jackie Robinson Brooklyn Dodgers Ted Williams Boston Red Sox
1948 Stan Musial St. Louis Cardinals Lou Boudreau Cleveland Indians
1947 Bob Elliott Boston Braves Joe DiMaggio New York Yankees
1946 Stan Musial St. Louis Cardinals Ted Williams Boston Red Sox
1945 Phil Cavarretta Chicago Cubs Hal Newhouser Detroit Tigers
1944 Marty Marion St. Louis Cardinals Hal Newhouser Detroit Tigers
1943 Stan Musial St. Louis Cardinals Spud Chandler New York Yankees
1942 Mort Cooper St. Louis Cardinals Joe Gordon New York Yankees
1941 Dolph Camilli Brooklyn Dodgers Joe DiMaggio New York Yankees
1940 Frank McCormick Cincinnati Reds Hank Greenberg Detroit Tigers
1939 Bucky Walters Cincinnati Reds Joe DiMaggio New York Yankees
1938 Ernie Lombardi Cincinnati Reds Jimmie Foxx Boston Red Sox
1937 Joe Medwick St. Louis Cardinals Charlie Gehringer Detroit Tigers
1936 Carl Hubbell New York Giants Lou Gehrig New York Yankees
1935 Gabby Hartnett Chicago Cubs Hank Greenberg Detroit Tigers
1934 Dizzy Dean St. Louis Cardinals Mickey Cochrane Detroit Tigers
1933 Carl Hubbell New York Giants Jimmie Foxx Philadelphia Athletics
1932 Chuck Klein Philadelphia Phillies Jimmie Foxx Philadelphia Athletics
1931 Frankie Frisch St. Louis Cardinals Lefty Grove Philadelphia Athletics


League Award
Year NL MVP Team AL MVP Team
1929 Rogers Hornsby Chicago Cubs
1928 Jim Bottomley St. Louis Cardinals Mickey Cochrane Philadelphia Athletics
1927 Paul Waner Pittsburgh Pirates Lou Gehrig New York Yankees
1926 Bob O’Farrell St. Louis Cardinals George Burns Cleveland Indians
1925 Rogers Hornsby St. Louis Cardinals Roger Peckinpaugh Washington Senators
1924 Dazzy Vance Brooklyn Robins Walter Johnson Washington Senators
1923 Babe Ruth New York Yankees
1922 George Sisler St. Louis Browns


Chalmers Award
Year NL MVP Team AL MVP Team
1914 Johnny Evers Chicago Cubs Eddie Collins Philadelphia Athletics
1913 Jake Daubert Brooklyn Dodgers Walter Johnson Washington Senators
1912 Larry Doyle New York Giants Tris Speaker Boston Red Sox
1911 Frank Schulte Chicago Cubs Ty Cobb Detroit Tigers


Multiple MVP Award Winners
MVP Awards Player Years
7 Barry Bonds 1990, 1992, 1993, 2001-2004
3 Yogi Berra 1951, 1954, 1955
3 Roy Campanella 1951, 1953, 1955
3 Joe DiMaggio 1939, 1941, 1947
3 Jimmie Foxx 1932, 1933, 1938
3 Mickey Mantle 1956, 1957, 1962
3 Stan Musial 1943, 1946, 1948
3 *Albert Pujols 2005, 2008, 2009
3 *Alex Rodriguez 2003, 2005, 2007
3 Mike Schmidt 1980, 1981, 1986
2 Ernie Banks 1958, 1959
2 Johnny Bench 1970, 1972
2 *Miguel Cabrera 2012, 2013
2 Mickey Cochrane 1928, 1934
2 Lou Gehrig 1927, 1936
2 Juan Gonzalez 1996, 1998
2 Hank Greenberg 1935, 1940
2 Rogers Hornsby 1925, 1929
2 Carl Hubbell 1933, 1936
2 Walter Johnson 1913, 1924
2 Roger Maris 1960, 1961
2 Willie Mays 1954, 1965
2 Joe Morgan 1975, 1976
2 Dale Murphy 1982, 1983
2 Hal Newhouser 1944, 1945
2 Cal Ripken, Jr 1983, 1991
2 Frank Robinson 1961, 1966
2 Frank Thomas 1993, 1994
2 Ted Williams 1946, 1949
2 Robin Yount 1982, 1989
*Active Players


MVP Awards by Team
Team MVPs
New York Yankees 22
St. Louis Brown / St. Louis Cardinals 21
New York Giants /San Francisco Giants 14
Brooklyn Robins / Brooklyn Dodgers / Los Angeles Dodgers 13
Philadelphia Athletics / Oakland Athletics 13
Cincinnati Reds 12
Detroit Tigers 12
Boston Red Sox 11
Chicago Cubs 11
Pittsburgh Pirates 8
Washington Senators / Minnesota Twins 8
Philadelphia Phillies 7
Texas Rangers 6
Boston Braves / Milwaukee Braves / Atlanta Braves 6
Baltimore Orioles 5
Chicago White Sox 4
Milwaukee Brewers 4
Cleveland Indians 3
California Angels / Anaheim Angels / Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim 3
Seattle Mariners 2
Toronto Blue Jays 2
Colorado Rockies 1
Houston Astros 1
Kanasas City Royals 1
San Diego Padres 1
Washington Nationals 1


MVP Awards by Position
Position MVPs
Outfield 66
First Base 34
Pitcher 24
Catcher 19
Second Base 16
Shortstop 15
Third Base 15